Can Chickens Eat Salt? How Much Is Bad?

Salt is important nutrition for animals. The mineral is found naturally in the body of animals. When it comes to chickens, you may wonder if they can eat salt?

So, can chickens eat salt? Yes, chickens can eat salt, but in moderation. Avoid table scraps that have a lot of salt added. Feeding them too much salt can lead to health issues. You do not need to give them extra salt since they will get it from the food that is found naturally in the environment. Most of the food that they forage such as beetles, worms, grubs, and insects will naturally have some salt content in them. 

Is salt beneficial to hens, and should you add it to their diet? To learn more about the advantages and hazards of salt in chicken nutrition, read the entire article.

Poultry diets should be as balanced as feasible. The amount and quality of food you feed your chickens have a significant impact on how they grow and develop. However, when it comes to chicken nutrition, one element that many people overlook is salt.

Is salt permissible for hens, and is it suggested that this mineral be included in their diet? Let’s start by learning a little about salt and its function.

What Is Table Salt, Exactly?

Before we can determine whether salt is useful or provides a health danger to chickens, we must first understand what salt is and what function it plays in the human body.

Salt is essential to our survival, and saltiness is one of the most basic human tastes. Most animals, like humans, have an intrinsic need for salt to keep their sodium levels in check. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the quantity of water in the body and also plays a part in muscle contractions and nerve impulses.

Table salt is a mineral with the chemical formula NaCl, which is made up of two elements: sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl) (Cl).

While modest amounts of salt are healthy for people and animals, a diet rich in salt can lead to a variety of health problems, including high blood pressure, calcium loss, heart disease, and even stroke.

Should You Give Salt To Your Chickens?

To summarize, salt should be included in the hens’ food to maintain healthy development. “How much?” is the next major question.

Sodium, which is a salt-based compound, is commonly added to chicken feed purchased at the farm shop. Although the actual amount varies from one manufacturer to the next, on average, 0.15 percent is added to the diet.

Chickens are frequently fed food leftovers by many farmers. Chickens typically enjoy these, although particularly salty meal leftovers should be avoided while feeding them.

If a high-salt diet is maintained for a lengthy period of time, chickens will become toxic and may even die.

Do Chickens Need Salt In Their Diet?

For a variety of reasons, it’s critical that hens have adequate salt in their diets. To begin with, chickens who do not have balanced salt content in their meal will always appear exhausted and depleted of energy while they are young.

Salt, on the other hand, can boost their appetites. As a result, they will consume more and develop more quickly.

Salt must be added to the diet of chickens from the time they are young. Chicks that are denied salt early in life are unlikely to fully recover.

Although chicken food concentrates usually include the right quantity of salt, it’s always a good idea to double-check the label. For chickens that are served homemade feed, you should add a pinch of salt, which is roughly 0.4-0.6 percent.
When is it bad for a chicken to eat salt?

While salt can be beneficial to chicken growth and general health, too much salt in a meal can be detrimental to the health of these birds. Young chicks who have recently hatched are at a higher danger than older chicks.

When Is Salt Bad For Chickens?

Depression, increased water intake, damp litter, pedaling feet, respiratory pain, incoordination, trouble walking, and neck twisting backward are all signs of salt poisoning in chicks.

In addition, diarrhea, weakness, feather eating, seizures, and swelling limbs are all possible symptoms.

When this happens in mature chickens that have started laying eggs, you may detect egg abnormalities such as deformed shells or an increase in shell-less eggs.

If your chickens exhibit some symptoms listed above, but you are confident that you are not giving them too much salt, you should examine your water supply. Salinity levels in well water can be high by nature.

Common Causes Of Salt Deficiency in Chickens

A salt shortage in chickens can happen for a variety of reasons.

When you feed your hens solely homemade feed and don’t add salt to the mix, you’re more likely to have a salt deficiency. This will not only limit the chicken’s growth potential, but will also expose it to illnesses caused by fodder that lacks the vitamins, minerals, and other elements necessary for the animal’s development.

Another reason is when you purchase low-quality chicken food that is devoid of salt. There are salt-free products, as well as those where salt is mentioned among the ingredients but has simply sunk to the bottom of the feed bag.

Furthermore, if the salt used has big granules, it may be more difficult to combine with the feed. Even if the right amount of salt was added to the packet, it may not have been mixed well enough. This might result in some parts of the bag containing more salt than others, and some birds receiving more salt than others.

Another scenario in which sodium shortage might arise is when birds are reared exclusively indoors.

Chickens are omnivores, which means they can consume both plant and animal matter. They eat earthworms, snails, beetles, and other small creatures when they have access to an outdoor yard. Small quantities of salt are naturally found in earthworms and other creatures.

Both underfeeding and overfeeding salts are bad for a chicken’s health. While high quantities of salt can be extremely harmful to birds, a very modest quantity can cause development problems.

How to Keep Chickens From Having Salt Problems

You may avoid salt deficiency or intoxication in your chick’s diet by doing the following:

  • Starting at a young age, only feed your birds high-quality fodder.
  • Always examine the label of poultry feed items to see if sodium or salt is included in the box.
  • To ensure that no salt has collected to the bottom of the feed bag, mix the contents.
  • Table leftovers with high salt content, such as lunch meats, salted popcorn, bacon, ham, or other cured meats, should not be given to your chickens.
  • If you’re giving chicks water from a well, get it tested at a specialist lab for salinity.


Depending on how much salt is given to their food, salt can be beneficial or harmful to chickens.

To be healthy, poultry requires salt in its diet. They will not develop as quickly or as large as they should if they are not given enough salt, and they may suffer from a variety of health problems as a result. A diet high in salt, on the other hand, might cause drunkenness and other health issues.

Always use a high-quality feed with sufficient salt levels to ensure your hens’ sodium levels are balanced.