Can Chickens Eat Bell Peppers? Some Parts Are Toxic

Bell peppers are tender and sweet vegetables that can be used in many dishes. These peppers can be used in soups, stir-fry, salad topping, and eaten fresh. If you have backyard chickens, you may wonder if you can feed bell peppers to them.

Can chickens eat bell peppers? Yes, chickens can eat bell peppers. This vegetable is rich in nutrition which makes them a great treat for chickens. However, bell peppers belong to the nightshade family, which contains solanine. This is a toxin that is very harmful to chickens. To avoid poisoning your chickens, only feed the flesh and seeds. The stems and leaves are toxic, which should be thrown away.

Is It Safe For Chickens To Eat Bell Peppers?

It depends on what part of the bell peppers it is. Bell peppers belong to the nightshade family of plants. This means the vegetable contains a compound called solanine, which is harmful to the chickens due to its toxicity.

Solanine is only found in the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the pepper. The bell pepper and the seeds do not contain any solanine, so they are safe for the chickens to eat.

Is It Healthy For Chickens To Eat Bell Peppers?

Bell peppers are low in calories, yet rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants. This makes them an excellent addition to a healthy diet for chickens.

Below are some of the health benefits your chickens will get from eating bell peppers:

Great For Hydration

Fresh raw bell peppers are made up of about 92% water. This means this vegetable is great for hydration, especially during the summer months. Give some to your chickens, and they will be hydrated.

Helps With Digestion

Bell peppers are a good source of fiber. Fiber is needed by the chickens for a healthy digestive system.

Fiber helps promote regular bowel movement. This in turn will help move food through their digestive tract more smoothly.

Also, it helps prevent constipation which is common among backyard chickens.

Boost Immune System

Bell peppers have a very high amount of vitamin C. This vitamin is vital for a healthy immune system. Chickens are prone to illness, especially during the winter and spring season when the weather changes.

Chickens that are fed a good diet of food that has vitamin C, like those found in bell peppers, will help prevent them from becoming ill. If they do become ill, plenty of vitamin C will help the chickens recover from the illness quickly.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Bell Peppers?

Baby chickens should not be fed any bell peppers. At this age, their digestive system has not developed properly yet. This will make it difficult for them to digest the bell peppers.

Instead, chicks should be on a strict diet of starter feeds. These feeds have been formulated with the right amount of nutrition that the chicks need to grow strong and healthy.

Once the chicks are about 3 weeks old, you can start to introduce them to bell peppers. Start with just a tiny amount and see if they will eat it. You can leave the vegetable next to them and let them eat it on their own.

Also, make sure to provide them with grits. Once they start to eat other foods than starter feeds, grits will help grind the food down.

Can Chickens Eat Bell Pepper Leaves and Stems?

Avoid feeding the leaves and stems of the bell pepper to your chickens. These parts of the vegetable contain solanine, which is a toxin that is harmful to chickens.

Can Chickens Eat Bell Pepper Seeds?

Chickens can eat bell pepper seeds. As said above, only the leaves, flowers, and stems contain the toxin solanine. The flesh and seeds do not contain this toxin and are therefore safe for chickens to eat.

How To Feed Bell Peppers To Your Chickens

When it comes to feeding bell peppers to your chickens, you can either feed them cooked or uncooked. Both are fine to feed them, but you’ll want to cut them into smaller pieces first.

Feeding Chickens Fresh Bell Peppers

This is the easiest method to feed bell peppers to your chicken. Simply give the pepper a good wash to remove any dirt, pest, and other debris from it. Then cut off the stem and leaves off the pepper.

Next, with a sharp knife, cut the pepper into small pieces. You can slice them or cut them into cube size. This will make it easier for them to eat and digest it.

If you’re giving them cooked bell peppers, you won’t need to cut them into smaller pieces. It’s soft enough that the chickens can peck at it to eat it.

Once the peppers are cut, toss them to the chickens or place them into the feeder for them to enjoy.

Making a Salad With Bell Peppers

A great way to give the chickens a boost in nutrition is to mix bell peppers with other vegetables or even fruits. Besides bell peppers, you can add lettuce, radishes, and carrots to the salad mix.

Be sure to only use a small amount of each vegetable to make a salad. Too much nutrition from each vegetable could be too much for the chicken and lead to health issues.

Once it’s all mixed together, toss the salad to the chickens or place them into their feeder bowl for them to eat from.

How Many Bell Peppers Should You Feed Your Chickens?

Chickens should be fed bell peppers in a small amount. This means each chicken should get a slice of the pepper.

If you have a large flock, you can throw a couple of pieces of bell pepper onto the ground. The chickens will start to peck and eat it. Again, make sure to remove the stems off the peppers before letting the chickens eat them.

How Often Should You Feed Your Chickens Bell Peppers?

Chickens should be fed bell peppers in moderation. This vegetable is nutritious, but it doesn’t have enough nutrition in them to keep the chicken healthy.

Like other treats, bell peppers should only make up 10% of the chicken’s entire diet. The rest should come in the form of quality commercial feeds. These feeds have been formulated with the right amount of nutrition to meet the chicken’s dietary needs.

Therefore, give the bell peppers to your chickens once or twice per week.

Other Vegetables That Chickens Can Eat


Radishes have an abundance of nutrition that the chicken can benefit from. Not only can they eat the radish, but also the radish greens as well. However, this vegetable is high in water, so it’s best to feed them in moderation to avoid any health issues.

Spaghetti Squash

This vegetable is a staple treat for chickens. They love to peck at the flesh and eat the seeds in it. Spaghetti squash is highly nutritious and will keep them busy all day long. You can either feed them raw or cooked spaghetti squash.


Spinach is packed full of vitamins and minerals that the chickens can benefit from. However, these leafy greens also contain oxalic acid, which can cause some serious health problems for your chickens. To prevent any health issues, only feed spinach to the chickens in moderation. This means a small amount of spinach, once or twice per week.


Bell peppers make a healthy treat to feed your chickens due to their nutritional value. Before giving them any bell peppers, make sure to cut off the stems and leaves first. These parts are poisonous to the chickens. Feed them just the fruit part of the vegetable, which doesn’t contain any toxins. The seeds are also safe for them to eat as well. Since bell peppers aren’t their staple food, it’s best to feed the chickens in moderation.